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2019人高考高起本试卷

发布时间:2017-07-08 点击次数:17

考试时间方法和时间

 考试方法为闭卷、笔试

 试卷满分为150分,考试时间120分钟

 采用人工阅卷的省、自治区、直辖市使用常规卷;采用机器阅卷的省、自治区、直辖市使用分卷。分卷包括I、II两卷:I卷为单项选择题占30分,试卷类型有A、B两种,每位考生只答一种;II卷为除单项选择以外的其他题型,占120分。

试卷内容、赋分
语言知识及运用 24分
现代文阅读 41分
古代诗文阅读与鉴赏 25分
写作 60分
题型赋分比例
单项选择题 约25%
其他题型(含作文) 约75%
试卷难易比例
较容易题 约50%
中等难度题 约40%
较难题 约10%

Ⅰ. Phonetics (10 Points)

  Directions:

  In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  1.A. captain B. various C. Atlantic D. metallic

  2.A. beach B. beat C. beast D. great

  3.A. heat B. health C. already D. pleasant

  4.A. waste B. paste C. voyage D. snake

  5.A. fortune B. public C. Russia D. suffer

  6.A. familiar B. family C. blanket D. factory

  7.A. thrown B. follow C. brown D. shown

  8.A. nineteenth B. ninth C. southern D. fifth

  9.A. pull B. pollute C. true D. truth

  10.A. correct B. discover C. comfort D. come

  Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (50 points)

  Directions:

  There are 40 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  11. The old man found _______ on the floor.

  A. lying dead B. lying death C. laying dead D. laying death

  12. Grandma has no water, please ________ some for her.

  A. take B. carry C. fetch D. bring

  13. The shoes he wore made his _______ look funny.

  A. feet B. foots C. hand D. foot

  14. This restaurant always _______ delicious dishes.

  A. gives B. offers C. have D. serves

  15. There is _______ sugar. You needn’t go to buy any.

  A. plenty of B. a large number of C. a great many D. plenty

  16. Hardly _______ sat down when the telephone rang.

  A. did I B. had I C. I D. have I

  17. The ______ candle is still _______.

  A. lit…burned B. lighted…burning C. lit…burning D. lighted…burned

  18. _______ come into leaf or bloom is obviously a sign of spring.

  A. Trees B. The trees C. That trees D. What trees

  19. _______ in the open air, wet clothes can get dry easily.

  A. Hang B. Hanged C. Hung D. To hang

  20. He doesn’t spend much time _______ his homework.

  A. in B. with C. on D. for

  21.—What do you think of it?

  —It just happened _______ we had expected.

  A. that B. which C. it D. as

  22. Jane, what do you think of Mr. Green?

  As ______ teacher, he ought to set _______ good example to the pupils.

  A. the…a B. a…a C. a…the D. / …the

  23. They found a _______ old woman ________ on the ground when the door was broken open.

  A. dying…lying B. dead…lied C. death…laying D. died…lain

  24. _______, the children went to the park.

  A. It was a fine day B. Being a fine day

  C. It being a fine day D. Because the fine day

  25. ________ in the strange city, poor Bill fell to ________.

  A. Lost…crying B. Lost…cry

  C. Having been lost…crying D. To lese…cry

  26. Don’t get off the bus until it ________.

  A. has stopped B. stopped C. will stop D. shall stop

  27. I took _______ tea than you.

  A. less B. few C. fewer D. little

  28. The squirrel was lucky that it just missed _______.

  A. catching B. to be caught C. being caught D. to catch

  29. I must be off now. It’s time I _______ to school.

  A. go B. went C. will go D. am going

  30. To serve the people means giving as _______ and ask for as _______ as possible.

  A. much…little B. much…few C. many…a little D. more…less

  31. What we are doing _______ good to the people.

  A. are B. have been C. is D. be

  32. John is _______ of the two students.

  A. cleverer B. the clever C. the cleverer D. the cleverest

  33. He used to be a heavy smoker, _______?

  A. used he B. didn’t he C. doesn’t he D. wouldn’t he

  34. Rather than _______, he ran all the way home.

  A. walk B. walked C. walking D. to walk

  35. Get to the top of hill, ______ you can see the whole city.

  A. or B. but C. and D. so

  36. What you said sounds right. I’m considering _______ this job.

  A. accepting B. accept C. to accept D. will accept

  37. _______ I came into the office, the teachers were having a meeting.

  A. While B. When C. Once D. Since

  38. Half of those books _______ best-sellers.

  A. is B. are C. am D. was

  39. _______ Chicago is a beautiful city today, but _______ Chicago of the 1920s was a very dirty place.

  A. The…the B. /…/ C. A…the D. /…the

  40. ______ he is, Tom knows a lot of things.

  A. Child as B. Clever as C. Fool although D. A boy as

  41. Is that the reason _______ you are in favor of the proposal?

  A. what B. of which C. why D. for

  42. The train will _______ Beijing at about half past seven.

  A. arrive B. get C. reach D. reach to

  43. Nearly everybody _______ colds in winter.

  A. suffer from B. suffers in C. suffers from D. suffer for

  44. ______ that your son is well again, you no longer have anything to worry about.

  A. When B. After C. Before D. Now

  45. We never dared to ask him a question, _______?

  A. did we B. didn’t we C. dared we D. daredn’t we

  46. You seldom have to do the cooking, ________?

  A. have you B. haven’t you C. do you D. don’t you

  47. _______ no exercise-book, he had to write on a piece of paper.

  A. There was B. There is C. There being D. There having

  48.—Where _______ the camera? I can’t see it anywhere.

  —I _______ it right here. But now it’s gone.

  A. did you put…put B. have you put…have put

  C. had you put…was putting D. had you put…have put

  49. In another year or so, you ______ all about it.

  A. would forget B. forget C. have forgotten D. will have forgotten

  50.—If that’s not yours, _______?

  —Probably John’s.

  A. whose else can it be B. whose else’s can it be

  C. who’s else can it be D. who else can it be

  Ⅲ. Cloze (10 points)

  Directions:

  For each blank in the following passage there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella’s father and mother _51_. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her _52_ in the house all day long.

  One day, the Prince was _53_. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. _54_ the dance the Prince would choose his wife.

  When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, “You can’t go.” Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire _55_.

  _56_ she heard a gentle voice saying, “Don’t cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you.” Cinderella _57_ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. “Now go to the dance.” said the little lady.

  Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her _58_. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes _59_. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe.

  “If anyone can wear this small shoe,” he said, “She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her.”

  When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended _60_ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. “Let Cinderella try.” Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after.

  51.A. both were dead B. were both death C. were both died D. were both dead

  52.A. to do all the work B. did all the work C. do all the work D. doing all the work

  53.A. old enough to be married with B. old enough to marry

  C. old enough to marry with D. old enough to be married

  54.A. During the night of B. At the night of C. One the night of D. In the night of

  55.A. to cry B. crying C. to be crying D. to be cried

  56.A. Sudden B. All on sudden C. On sudden D. All of a sudden

  57.A. looked up B. looked at C. looked for D. looked down

  58.A. at that time B. at times C. all the time D. at one time

  59.A. on the steps B. within the steps C. in the steps D. under the steps

  60.A. to put on B. putting on C. to wear D. to have on

  Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

  Directions:

  There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  What’s the best way to protect a tender, green seedling from the hungry stomach of deer? Give the seedling bad breath!

  The same chemical that gives people bad breath after they have eaten garlic can save small trees from being eaten by animals.

  A kind of chemical selenium(硒), which is also found in garlic, is planted in the soil near a young tree. The tree’s roots absorb the selenium which is then carried to the leaves.

  From there the selenium is used to form a chemical called dimethyl selenide (乙烷硒化物)—the same chemical made in the human mouth after eating garlic. As deer wander around looking for food, they smell the seedlings’ leaves and leave the plants alone.

  The selenium is important. Why? Because each year deer eat millions of dollars’ worth of trees farm seedlings.

  So far, selenium has been tested only on Douglas fir (枞树) seedlings, but researchers think they could protect fruit trees and garden plants, too.

  61. When people eat garlic, ________.

  A. they send out a horrible smell B. they are out of breath

  C. they will feel sick D. it is hard for them to breathe

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